It’s not too dissimilar from the recent controversy over removing Confederate statues of the U.S. Civil War still extant in Southern cities and towns today but which are viewed by many as monuments to racism and slavery. One of the most recent examples of the persistence of this falsehood was Louis Farrakhan's "Million Man March" speech where he said: "White supremacy caused Napoleon to blow the nose off the Sphinx because it reminded you [sic] too much of the Black man's majesty." In 1380 A.D. the Sphinx fell victim to the iconoclastic ardor of a fanatical Muslim ruler, who caused deplorable injuries to the head. This image (above) and written account (a part of Dr. Freeman's collection) is from the 1803 issue of Universal Magazine.What is most intriguing is that Denon does not mention any damage to the nose or lips of the Sphinx. See full Kirkus review, HERE. Several stories have been created and spread, purporting to reveal who broke the Sphinx’s nose. It turns out that ancient Egyptians ascribed significant powers to artistic images of human beings or anthropomorphized deities or pharaohs (who were generally considered divine), believing, for example, that a divine essence could inhabit the statue of a deity. Long before the discovery of gunpowder, the Arabs had laid iconoclastic hands on the beard of this god of the desert..." Though the Arab guides may have spread this tale, this myth has been perpetuated over the years by countless teachers the world over who have passed this bit of "history" on to their students. ...And so, repulsing the hordes of robbers on all sides, we came to the wonderful, inscrutable, worth-millions-of-pounds-to-authors Sphinx. What they don’t generally know is why the giant schnozzle of the 61-foot-tall, half-man, half-animal icon of antiquity was vandalized in the first place — along with countless noses of other statues and memorial embodiments in many ancient cultures. Discerning the difference between accidental damage and deliberate vandalism came down to recognizing such patterns. writings of Egyptian Arab historian al-Maqrizi, Religious bigotry muzzled Copernicus, Galileo, Jefferson ...". The Mamelukes shot the nose off the Sphinx. High explosive shells were not invented in those days." ", "Hmmmm. WHERE WE ARE In Part 8 of this series , I presented some general... Captain Cassidy grew up fervently Catholic, converted to the SBC in her... Part 1 of new series: applying old words... TONIGHT I decided to launch a new series that examines current news... Humanist victory! Patheos has the views of the prevalent religions and spiritualities of the world. It is believed that the Sphinx’s nose was broken during one of the French military battles near Giza, during the French campaign in Egypt in 1798. From that same magazine, here is the written account about the Sphinx of Giza in Denon's own words: It would be even larger (though less iconic) if it had something that most other statues do: a nose! "The Sphinx," writes Leslie Greener in The Discovery Of Egypt (London : Cassell, 1966), p.38, by this time "no longer [had] the stamp of grace and beauty so admired by Abdel Latif in 1200." Edward Bleiberg, who oversees ancient Egyptian and other art collections at New York’s Brooklyn Museum, told CNN that the question he most frequently encounters from visitors is: Why are the statues’ noses broken? According to his theory, Napoleon blew the nose off the Sphinx because it was a "black" nose; because the general's "sick," racist mind could not accept the visual evidence that black Africans … Napoleon, a practical man, fired a few cannon balls at its face. “But this simple observation led Bleiberg to uncover a widespread pattern of deliberate destruction, which pointed to a complex set of reasons why most works of Egyptian art came to be defaced in the first place,” the CNN article noted. Napoleon's troops shot the nose off the Sphinx in 1798: for fun because they were racist hooligans both of the above British troops shot the nose off the Sphinx during: World War I World War II German troops shot the nose off the Sphinx during World War II. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Finally, an article by Ulrich Haarmann, "Regional Sentiment in Medieval Islamic Egypt," published in the University of London's Bulletin Of The School Of Oriental And African Studies (BSOAS), vol.43 (1980) p.55-66, states that according to Makrizi, Rashidi and other medieval Arab scholars, the face of the Sphinx was vandalized in 1378 A.D. by Mohammed Sa'im al-Dahr, a "fanatical sufi of the oldest and most highly respected sufi convent of Cairo." Find “3,001 Arabian Days” on Amazon, HERE, Please also opt me in for Exclusive Offers from Patheos’s Partners. Temporary Crusaders. The blatant, undeniable evidence of Black African achievement blew off the Africoid nose and part of the lips with cannon fire! He did not like that. One of the most recent examples of the persistence of this falsehood was Louis Farrakhan's "Million Man March" speech where he said: "White supremacy caused Napoleon to blow the nose off the Sphinx because it reminded you [sic] too much of the Black … It’s a fascinating hypothesis to explains the legions of noseless statues in the world, and it is even borne out in the tale about what purportedly happened to the nose of  the Sphinx in Giza. The idea that Napoleon was to blame for the Sphinx's missing nose dates at least to the beginning of the twentieth century. Stop saying 'atheism is a religion.' Greener goes on to say: "this exonerates the artillerymen of Napoleon Bonaparte, who have the popular reputation of having used the nose of the Sphinx as a target." A poll conducted on the Internet found that fully 21% of respondents believed Napoleon was responsible for the Sphinx's missing nose.

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