Fans of the flower also say it can reduce inflammation and calm your nerves.Dr. In terms of stems produced per year in 1997, Japan was by far the largest producer with 2 billion stalks, followed by the Netherlands (800 million), Colombia (600 million), Italy (500 million). From this first cultivated plant brought back from China in 1789 by Blancard, then from those brought back (from China in 1846 and Japan in 1863) will be created in Europe thousands of cultivars and hybrids. It is edible and has been used in Oriental medicine for centuries to treat respiratory problems, lower blood pressure, and calm nerves. C. × morifolium is hardy to USDA zones 5–9.[12]. To note, during the millennia and a half of cultivation, tens of thousands of different cultivars have been obtained, with flower heads of very different shapes, sizes and colors. In China, they have been around since 500 BC. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. [citation needed]. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for chrysanthemum. You can also buy dried chrysanthemum blooms in health food and Asian groceries. The first monograph on chrysanthemums was published in 1104 AD. The plant is 30–90 centimetres (12–35 in) high and wide, which grows as a perennial herbaceous or slightly woody plant on the ground. Essential oil extracted from the chrysanthemum plant has long been used as an all-natural organic pesticide and insect repellent. ): Flora of China. In 1630, more than 500 varieties were already mentioned there. The many branches, which are silky and covered with a short down, form a dense tuft. "[8], The more than 1,000 varieties that have existed in Europe since the 19th century are divided into numerous varieties. Yellow or white chrysanthemum flowers of the species C. morifolium are boiled to make a tea in some parts of East Asia. The outdoor or hardy chrysanthemums are derived from the same species, being less developed forms. The lower leaves are plumed, further up the stems they are increasingly entire. The database and code is licensed under a Chrysanthemum Flower (Chrysanthemum morifolium) is consumed as a tea to nourish the Yin and as an herb to remove wind and occasional heat (irritation) from several parts of the body in normal, healthy individuals. Wu Zheng-yi, Peter H. Raven, Deyuan Hong (ed. Volume 20–21: Asteraceae , Science Press and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing and St. Louis, 2011. The typical flower heads are radiated, that is to say formed of peripheral florets, female, zygomorphous, with ligules and central florets actinomorphous, tubulated, bisexual. The tongue flowers can have in the many varieties of colors of green, white, or yellow, pink to purple. “Chinese medicine categorizes herbs based on energetic properties rather than the chemical ingr… 10 Amazing Health Benefits of Chrysanthemum Tea. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. It is Anti-Inflammatory. For thousands of years it has been used in Asia. There are varieties with simple flowers that look like daisies and varieties with double flowers, looking like pompoms more or less big. Joined thousands of cultivars developed independently in China and Japan, there is currently a huge complex cultivars (estimated from 20,000 to 30,000). Chrysanthemum has been used for hundreds of years in Chinese medicine. In 1630, a survey of over 500 cultivars 17 and about 2000 at the beginning of 20th century. They are up to 12 cm long, fleshy and covered with gray hairs. The plant's texture is thick and leathery. This florist’s favourite offers striking colours and various habits. Then use … It comes in huge color variations, such as dark red flowers, pink, white, orange, and yellow.. From Jin and Tang dynasties (around the 5th century AD), chrysanthemum began to be appreciated as an ornamental plant, while continuing to be used for dietary reasons. [6], The first European author to mention chrysanthemum is Jacobus Breynius (Jacob Breyn) in 1689 in his Prodromus Plantarum Rariorum. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Deciduous leaves appear in the spring. Medicinal Chrysanthemum flowers, known in China as Ju Hua, are a bitter aromatic herb that has been used for thousands of years in Chinese medicine[238. The appropriate dose of chrysanthemum depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. They are the blended product of C. indicum and C. morifolium, two species of plants that grow wild in China and Japan. In Europe, especially in Holland, they have been known since the mid-17th century, but their general dissemination took place only in the 19th century. Joseph Needham , Science and Civilization in China: Volume 6, Biology and Biological Technology, Part 1, Botany , Cambridge University Press,February 6, 1986 (. The plant starts to bloom when the length of the day is less than 14 hours. It is edible and has been used in Oriental medicine for centuries to treat respiratory problems, lower blood pressure, and calm nerves. The leaves are broad ovate in outline and wedge-shaped in the petiole, the length of the leaves is more than 6 inches. He attributes to them some medicinal properties such as "eliminating heat and toxins", "improving visual acuity" and so on. with the efficiency of relieving heat and expelling wind, clearing liver and improving vision, and cooling the internal heat and detoxifying the body, and usually used as an antiphlogistic and against cold, headache, vertigo, and conjunctivitis. J. D. Yang is an expert in Chinese and integrative medicine and founder of Tao Integrative. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Chrysanthemum Morifolium. The plant can die from various diseases which include aster yellows, Botrytis, leaf spots, rust, powdery mildew, verticillium wilt, and rotting of stem and roots, and even viruses. Chrysanthemum was first appreciated in China as a medicinal plant. Characteristics of Chrysanthemum Morifolium pixabay.com. Ruth Schneebeli-Count: Flower Country China Volume 1 , Birkhäuser, 1995, "Chrysanthemum morifolium (Hardy garden mum)", "Interior Landscape Plants for Indoor Air Pollution Abatement", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chrysanthemum_×_morifolium&oldid=987601342, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 02:58. Zheng Jinsheng, Nalini Kirk and Paul D. Buell. Ajna Fern In 1792, in the Journal of Natural History, this botanist describes the cultivated plant, with big purpurine flowers, brought back from China by the navigator Marseillais Blancard, under the names of "Camomile with large flowers", Anthemis grandiflora. Chrysanthemum. Chrysanthemum morifolium is a very variable, erect, perennial plant growing 30 - 1200cm tall[310. The florist's chrysanthemum is not necessarily a glasshouse subject. C. morifolium is often called garden mum, because it is known as a garden plant.. 1. It lists a total of 35 cultivated varieties that could be observed in the gardens near the Buddhist shrines of Longmen Grottoes. He proposes in a note to call it also Chrysanthemum morifolium. The chrysanthemum was first cultivated in China as a flowering herb and both the leaves and the flowers are mentioned in medical texts in published around 500 A.D. 1. Chrysanthemum oil and extract have also been used in herbal medicine for their antibacterial and antibiotic properties. The stems stand upright. They are alternate, lobed pinnatifid and toothed. Chrysanthemum Greens: If you’d like to experiment with cooking chrysanthemum greens, try growing Garland chrysanthemum, or Chrysanthemum coronarium. "In prolonged use, it lifts the inhibition of blood and qi, alleviates the body, slows down ageing, and prolongs life" says the classic. The oil of the chrysanthemum also has many uses.

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