1. In August 1819, there was a big meeting at St. Peters Field in which more than 80,000 people came. Needed a Document for short note on each topic of the industrial revolution? Do check out the sample questions of Industrial Revolution - Class 11 Class 11 Notes | EduRev for Class 11, the answers and examples explain the meaning of chapter in the best manner. NCERT Books - Question Answers By providing raw materials and labour, the agricultural revolution helped the Industrial Revolution. In 1795, the British government passed two Combination Acts. Educational Study Material. (a) Invention of Machines in Cotton Industry: Railways took the industrialization to the second stage. They also made thread using looms. Railway travel connected two inventions – rails and steam engines. In 1814 George Stevenson made a train with the name Blucher. 5. Cities, trade and wealth: The growth of cities and trade and the availability of wealth helped the Industrial Revolution. Chapters 9-10. Mine owners employed children to draw the carts filled with coal along the underground rails. When the canal was completed, the price of coal was reduced to half. The Parliament; banned any unpermitted meeting of more than 50 persons. It is true that nowadays nobody sees the Industrial Revolution as a revolution. Here you can read Chapter 9 of Class 11 History NCERT Book. In the 1760s iron rails replaced wooden rails. It was a continuation of the existing situation. This sparked off protests, which forced the government to enact laws for regulating conditions of work. There are many factors that helped Britain to become the first industrial nation. Workers: The working time of children between 9 and 16 was fixed as 12 hours per day. Families were separated, cities became crowded and dirty, and the terrible work conditions in the factories made people suffer. This also adversely affected poor people. Some even died in factories as they fell on to the machines being tired and sleepy. The term Industrial Revolution was first used by George Michel of France and Frederick Engels of Germany. To melt iron ore charcoal was used. Since regional authorities did not impose taxes on goods, there ‘ was no price increase. It did not happen throughout the country. Ref: https://edurev.in/question/723729/Needed-a-Document-for-short-note-on-each-topic-of-. The income from the women and children were needed for meeting the expenses of the family as the men earned very little as they had low wages. The government dismissed them from their jobs by force. How did technological avdvances in transportation and communication affect the Industrial Revolution? The cotton industry largely depended on the work of women and children in factories. The First railway line ran between Stockton and Darlington.. Henry Cort (1740-1823) made two important discoveries – the puddling furnace to remove impurities from pig iron and the rolling mill to produce rails. From 1790 there were many ‘Bread Riots’ throughout Britain. Start studying Chapter 9: Section 1 Industrial Revolution Spreads. England had changed in a regional manner, prominently around the cities of London, Manchester, Birmingham or Newcastle, rather than throughout the country. The cotton industry had two special features. It is true that the self-confidence and economic situation of the working women were better. The most surprising change in travel was the development of the railway. The earnings of women and children were necessary to supplement men’s meagre wages. This was the process by which bigger landlords had bought up small farms near their own properties and enclosed the village common lands. Based on this statement, write a note on factory laws. During the period of the Industrial Revolution, There was great progress in the building of canals. Wide use of money: Since the 17th century, money had been used extensively as a means of transaction. The work in the mines was also dangerous. It was used for the first time in English by the philosopher and economist Arnold Toynbee (1852-83), to describe the changes that occurred in British industrial development between 1760 and 1820. In 1824, the Combination Acts were repealed. This factory-produced steam engines one after the other. Justify. The average life expectancy of workers was 15 years in Birmingham, 17 in Manchester and 21 in Derby. Coal & Iron – Coal and Iron ore were important raw materials. As a result, in 1833, the British Parliament passed a factory law. CBSE Notes - NCERT Solutions. (a) Condition of workers: There was, at the same time, a massive negative human cost. [Rejecting all the demands of the workers, that year itself the Parliament passed “Six Acts”. Define Industrial Revolution and describe its main features. In 1830, Liverpool and Manchester were linked by rail. The increase in the city population was because of migration from the rural areas and not because of increased birth rates there. 2. From the 18th century, cities have been growing in Europe. The solution to this problem was found by the Darby family of Shropshire. It was new technology and new machines that brought the Industrial Revolution in England. Industrial Revolution started in Britain. This jenny could produce many strands of threads at the same time. In the factories of the city, women and children were made to work. From mere pumps, James Watt changed steam engines to a driving force. It could climb hills carrying even goods weighing 30 tons. Until the 19th century, a major portion of England had no factories or mines. Through the Act of 1833 more children were put to work in coal mines. They grew cattle and gathered wood. By continuing, I agree that I am at least 13 years old and have read and agree to the. Industrialization in England was a regional process. The Combination Acts of 1795, which prohibited workers from taking part in political activities, were strictly enforced. About 6,000 miles of railway was opened in Britain between 1830 and 1850, most of it in two short bursts. 2. This was because in cities many children died at a very young age. Shares in a company that owners sold to investors, Businesses that are owned by many investors who buy shares of stock, An association to fix prices, set production quotas, or control markets. Abraham Darby invented the blast furnace in 1709. Class 6 History Chapter 9 Questions and Answers Question 3. These dates coincided with those of the reign of George III. The Combination acts said that any writing or speech against the king, constitution or government is against the law. Do you agree with him? The onset of textile industry also helped in the emergence of Industrial Revolution. HssLive in History Question 9. Workers died prematurely mainly because of contagious diseases. The Ten Hours’ Bill was introduced in 1847, after more than 30 years of agitation. His steam engines were suitable for different industries. Iron was made by melting iron ore into a liquid state and then separating the pure iron from it. Coke was made by removing the sulphur and other impurities from coal. Transporting coal to the city was its aim. An important thing that took place during the Industrial Revolution was the changes in the modes of travel. The word ‘industrial’ used with the word ‘revolution’ is too limited. The chapter also includes topics such as the changes initiated by the new Soviet government, industrialisation and mechanisation of agriculture rights of citizens, etc. Accidents were common in the factories. Even on Sundays, they had to work cleaning the machines. Rail travel was available throughout the year and it was cheap and fast. The prices of essential things like bread and meat skyrocketed.
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